Enveloped Viruses

Known virus particles can be categorized as either an enveloped virus or non-enveloped virus. All viruses have a protein structure or capsid, but enveloped viruses have an additional lipid envelope that surrounds the protein capsid. Enveloped viruses are more subject to environmental conditions while non-enveloped viruses are more resistant.

There are no EPA-registered surface disinfectant products to kill the Ebola virus. Although Ebola is categorized as an enveloped virus, the CDC recommends the use of EPA registered hospital disinfectants with label claims for non-enveloped viruses to disinfect environmental surfaces in rooms housing patients with known or suspected Ebola virus infection. “EPA-registered hospital disinfectants with label claims against non-enveloped viruses are broadly antiviral and capable of inactivating both enveloped and non-enveloped viruses.”

Helpful Links:

Frequently asked questions on Ebola virus disease
Protecting Restroom Cleaning Pros from Ebola and Other Infectious Diseases
Interim Guidance for Environmental Infection Control in Hospitals for Ebola Virus

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